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How to Become a Paramedic or EMT – A Complete Guide

Do you want to learn what it takes to become an EMT or Paramedic? If YES, here is a complete guide plus requirements needed to become a Paramedic or EMT.

The ability to help others in time of need, and offer selfless services even in emergency situations, is one major and unique quality of the paramedic profession. Emergency Management Technicians, popularly called paramedics respond to emergency calls, especially the ones that involve medical attention.

Paramedics are the most highly trained of the class of Emergency Management Technicians (EMT). They undergo a rigorous training program in Advanced Life Support that enables them to perform life-saving rescue operations.

Paramedics are highly trained and qualified in the provision of emergency medical service, and are highly educated in topics such as anatomy and physiology, cardiology, medications, and other medical procedures.

What is a Paramedic or EMT?

A paramedic is a healthcare professional who works as part of a team of emergency medical service, such as an ambulance, mostly but not limited to outside the hospital environment. A paramedic is trained to assist a physician or to give first aid and/or other health care in the absence of a physician. He is also seen as a health care professional responsible for the provision of medical assistance to patients, while they are on the way to the hospitals for proper medical care.

In most cases, paramedics are always the first one at the scene of an accident and are responsible for the quick but detailed initial assessment of a patient’s condition. Often times, paramedics can be part of a police rescue, or firefighting squad. Most paramedics work on a land ambulance; while some of them work in specialized areas such as military barracks, war or battle field, air ambulances, on ships, etc.

Duties of a Paramedic and their Job Description

  • Prompt response to emergency calls, even when it is not convenient.
  • Get to the scene of an emergency and provide basic life support to the victims before they are taken to the hospital if need be.
  • Evaluate critically the patient’s health condition before administering treatment.
  • Administration of activated charcoal, oral glucose and oxygen.
  • Take stock of supplies and restock all supplies in the ambulance by replacing used blankets, linens and other supplies.
  • Attend refresher training programs and continuing education as required by medical control, employers, certifying or licensing agencies.
  • Help to resuscitate patients in an emergency before hospital admission
  • Administer intravenous medications, drips, and oxygen.
  • Perform endotracheal intubations.
  • Driving and staffing ambulances and other emergency vehicles.
  • Monitoring and administering medication, pain relief and intravenous infusions.
  • Monitor patient’s condition and keep it stable while en route to the hospital
  • Help to calm down the family members of the victim and the public on the scene to avoid panic of any sort.
  • Create a patient care report and take notes of the medical treatment given to the patient.
  • Carrying out certain surgical procedures when necessary, such as intubation which is the insertion of a breathing tube.
  • Keep the equipment clean after use; check and replace damaged and used supplies.
  • Decontaminate the interior of the ambulance and other equipments, if used to transport a patient suffering from a contagious disease.
  • Render pre-hospital emergency care according to established medical protocols.
  • Perform triage and a variety of emergency medical treatments at the Basic and Advanced Life support level.
  • Applying splints to limbs, dressing wounds, administering pain relief, oxygen, drips and fluids.
  • Using highly technical equipment, including ventilators to assist breathing and defibrillators to treat heart failure, in order to resuscitate and stabilize patients;
  • Liaising with members of other emergency services, such as the police, fire brigade or coast guard and other ambulance services to ensure the appropriate level of response is provided;
  • Working closely with doctors and nurses in hospital accident and emergency departments, briefing them as their patient arrives at hospital.
  • Drive the ambulance to emergency scenes, transport accident victims and medical patients to hospitals.
  • Assist and coordinate other emergency service agencies in rescue operations, motor vehicle accidents and other emergency situations.
  • Employ safe lifting and moving techniques.
  • Maintain ambulance vehicle, equipment and station.
  • Paramedics also administer antidotes in cases of poisoning or drug overdose.
  • Lead and participate in training classes for the public on cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), standard first aid and emergency medical techniques.
  • Participate in public health education and screening.
  • Act as a preceptor for EMS students.
  • Professionally handle radio communications during emergency and non-emergency situations professionally.
  • Paramedics often work with police and firefighters on emergency scenes to provide immediate medical attention to sick or injured individuals.
  • Keep records and logs on daily activities.
  • check to make sure equipment is functioning properly before being called out to the next emergency
  • Perform related duties as assigned.
  • Dressing wounds/injuries sustained by patients/victims.
  • Using specialist equipment including ventilators and defibrillators
  • Providing hospital staff with patient information including condition and treatment
  • Help in providing patient care in hospitals and other medical facilities
  • Communicating effectively and friendly with patients and their relatives/friends.
  • Determine the right course of action after evaluating the patient’s condition.
  • Provide medical aid to victims stabilize their condition such as AED, ventilation, control severe bleeding, prevent shock, bandaging wounds, etc.
  • Ensure the transfer of patients to the emergency units of the hospital, depending on how critical the condition might be.

Equipment and Tools of the Trade for Paramedics

  • Cardiac Monitor
  • Defibrillators
  • Collapsible Wheelchair
  • Paramedic Uniforms
  • Medical Kits
  • Stretchers & Boards
  • Oxygen
  • Inflatable Splints
  • Blood Pressure Cuff for measuring and recording BP
  • Airway Management Set
  • Spinal Collars for head, neck and spinal injuries.
  • Kendrick Extrication Device
  • Heamo glucometer
  • Infusion Pumps and Syringe Drivers
  • Ventilators
  • Incubators
  • ECG Monitor
  • Trauma or Spinal Board
  • Medications Bag
  • Suction Unit
  • Bag Valve Mask
  • Jump bag
  • Bandages
  • Drips
  • Syringes
  • Oxygen Therapy – Re-breathing circuit
  • Advanced Airway management set
  • Suction kit
  • Spine board
  • Inflatable splints
  • Medical kits
  • Drugs
  • Blood pressure cuff (Sphygmometer)
  • Pulse oximeter
  • Scoop stretcher
  • Protective clothing, such as a bright jacket and boots
  • Capnograph
  • Pneumocath
  • Intraosseous Kit
  • Advanced Drugs including inotropes, antiarrhythmic, sedatives and neuromuscular blockers
  • Syringe pumps
  • Cold Intravenous Fluids to induce hypothermia.

How to Become a Paramedic or EMT – A Complete Guide

Facts, Figures and Labor Market Situation for Paramedics

  • In the united states

The demand for paramedics is always on the increase, as there are many injuries and disasters daily experienced by people. Paramedics are employed in all the states. Several private and public emergency providers including fire and police departments, military, law enforcement agencies, private ambulance services, hospitals and public safety departments serve as the major employers for paramedics.

  • According to a report of the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) in 2013, California being the largest state in the United States employs a huge number of paramedics with an average of about 16,680 employments. Other states that have witnessed numerous openings for paramedics in 2013 are New York, Texas, Pennsylvania and Illinois.
  • The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) projects that the employment of emergency medical technicians (EMTs) and paramedics is expected to grow with an increase of 23 percent from 2010 to 2022. This is a much faster growth when compared with the average for all other occupations.
  • Presently, there are frequent openings for both full-time and part-time paramedics in smaller metropolitan and rural areas, and this demand for part-time volunteer EMTs and paramedics will continue to increase. This expected growth can be attributed to the rising number of car crashes all over the country, natural disasters and violence.
  • Some other factors that are likely to cause an increase in the demand of emergency services are increase in age-related ailments such as heart attack and stroke, a large number of workforce that will retire in the upcoming years, easy access to specialized medical services and growth in the population of old people.

In the U.K

The statistic presents the total number of employed and self-employed paramedics in the united kingdom (UK) from 2010 to 2015.

  • In 2013, there were a total of about 32,000 paramedics employed in the United Kingdom. Jobs are available to paramedics in all the National Health Scheme (NHS) trust regions throughout the United Kingdom.
  • Overtime, shift and out of hours working is rewarded with pay enhancements. The emergency ambulance service is always open which require paramedics to work in shifts to cover every hour of the day.
  • Paramedics typically work 37.5 hours per week, usually including night and weekend shifts and cover for public holidays. They are entitled to an annual leave of 27 days, rising to 33 days after 10 years of service including public holidays or time in lieu.
  • About 1,015 paramedics left their job between 2013 and 2014, which is higher when compared with 593 in the same period two years earlier. The UK Department of Health says it is spending an average of £28 million on the ambulance service in England.

In Australia

  • As of November 2012, the employment level of paramedics is 18,200 with average weekly hours of 38.1 for a full time paramedic. The top three regions for employment as a Paramedic are New South Wales 39.7%, Victoria24.8%, and Queensland23.8%.
  • Employment for Paramedics in Australia has risen by a rate of 81.6% over the past 5 years and is expected to grow very strongly through 2017, with projected employment levels of 21,900.
  • The total employment growth over the past 5 years for male and female employed part-time and full-time is 5,600. The percentage of males and females working full time and part time are Female Full Time: 21.5%; Female Part Time: 6.1%; Male Full Time: 69.5%; and Male Part Time: 2.9%.

In Canada

The paramedic profession is a skilled occupation with a strong growth rate. As a primary health care occupation, paramedics will enjoy healthy growth moving forward. Approximately 42% of new jobs will be created to keep up with expansion and 58% due to retirements.

  • Majority of paramedics work in Metro Vancouver, just like other provinces in British Columbia and yet this is an occupation that is essential to every large and small community in the province.
  • The largest growth is expected to occur in more rural areas of British Columbia, with 2.7% on Central Vancouver Island, 3.1% in the East Kootenay, 3.4% in the Cariboo, 3.8% in the Peace Region and4.4% in Northwestern BC.
  • The estimated workforce of paramedics in 2015 is 4,630, while the occupational is projected to have a growth rate of 1.9% in the next five years. The projected unemployment rate is: 2012 3%; 2017 4.4 %; 20222.6 %. Estimated demand for workers in 2015 in B.C. 21,000.

Professional Bodies and Associations for Paramedics or EMTs

  • Paramedic Association of Canada
  • The Alberta College of Paramedics
  • Ontario Paramedic Association: OPA
  • Alberta College of Paramedics
  • Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society
  • Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians
  • Paramedic Association of Canada
  • Paramedic Association of New Brunswick
  • Saskatchewan College of Paramedics
  • Society for Prehospital Educators in Canada
  • Paramedic Association of Canada
  • College of Paramedics
  • International Association of EMTs and Paramedics
  • International Association of Emergency Managers
  • Emergency Management Academy
  • Association of State Floodplain Managers
  • National Emergency Number Association
  • Association of Public-Safety Communications Officials.
  • The National Health Scheme (NHS).
  • The College of Paramedics.
  • Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC)
  • The British Paramedic Association.
  • Ambulance Service of NSW
  • Ambulance Victoria
  • Queensland Ambulance Service
  • SA Ambulance Service
  • St John Ambulance Australia
  • St John Ambulance Western Australia
  • The ACT Ambulance Service (ACTAS)
  • The Australian and New Zealand College of Services Protection Association
  • The Australian Paramedics Association
  • The Council of Ambulance Authorities (CAA)

Career ideas / Sub-sectors in the Paramedic Profession

  • Advanced care paramedic
  • Ambulance attendant
  • Critical care paramedic
  • Emergency medical attendant (EMA)
  • Emergency medical technician (EMT)
  • Emergency medical
  • Emergency medical technologist – Paramedic (emt-p)
  • Paramedic Primary care
  • Paramedic supervisor, ambulance services
  • Field supervisor, ambulance services
  • Infant transport attendant
  • Intermediate care paramedic
  • Medic, drilling rig
  • Medical assistant (paramedic)
  • Medical care technician, newborns
  • Medical technician
  • Medical technician, drilling rig
  • Medical warden, drilling rig
  • Newborn emergency medical care Technician
  • Newborn medical care technician
  • Paramedic worker
  • Primary care paramedic
  • Registered emergency paramedic
  • Ambulance Unit Chief, Ambulance Services
  • Supervisor ambulance attendants
  • Supervisor, ambulance services technician.

Benefits of Becoming a Paramedic

  • A paramedic is able to help people.
  • Paramedics have an amazing job of saving lives
  • As a paramedic, you acquire new experiences all the time on the job
  • As a paramedic you get paid good money
  • Paramedics earn respect from the public
  • You get satisfaction from helping others
  • Paramedics work as part of a team
  • The career has a strong growth potential
  • The career offers a strong solid career foundation for more lucrative careers
  • There is variety and different levels of activity.
  • Paramedics offer community service
  • Excitement on the job
  • Make a meaningful difference in caring for people
  • There is ease of entry into the career, especially when compared with other careers in the medical profession.

Factors Discouraging People from Becoming Paramedics

  • Paramedics are at high risk for work-related illnesses and injuries due to bending, lifting and kneeling.
  • Paramedics are exposed to diseases as they are in contact with patients with all types of illnesses, such as hepatitis-B and AIDS.
  • Paramedics typically work more than 40 hours per week
  • Paramedics are prone to have sleep deficiency.
  • Paramedics experience harshness and unpleasant scenarios from rude patients.
  • Paramedics have to deal with patients and their families at the same time, especially at the scene of an accident.
  • Paramedics are vulnerable to physical and verbal abuse.
  • Paramedics have no time for their social life.
  • Not all paramedics are well paid, compared to other health care workers in the profession.

How Much Do Paramedics or EMTs Earn Monthly/Annually

In the United States

  • The Bureau of Labor Statistics reports the median annual salary for EMTs and paramedics was $31,270 in 2013 where the best paid 10 percent in the profession made approximately $54,710, while the lowest earning 10 percent made approximately $20,420.
  • The salary of a paramedic in the US varies. Paramedic supervisors and managers may make between $60,000- $80,000, depending the location. EMT salary ranges depend largely on the state in which you’re working.
  • Paramedics in the United States pull down an average of $16.16 per hour. Earnings generally vary between $11.95 per hour and $22.70.
  • The earnings are mostly affected by residence, followed by the specific employer and years of experience.
  • Metropolitan areas generally have the highest rate of pay, but they can also have the most competition for jobs and the highest cost of living, which are important factors that must be taken into consideration. The states that pay the highest EMT salaries are Alaska and Hawaii. The highest paying cities are Seattle and San Francisco.

In the U.K

  • The range of salary of paramedics ranges from £21,478 to £27,901. For team leaders or paramedics who have undertaken extended skills training in critical care or trauma, salaries fall between £25,783 and £34,530.
  • The salaries are covered by the National Health Service (NHS)pay scales. Overtime, shift and out of hours working is rewarded with pay enhancements. Remuneration for trainee paramedics depends on the particular ambulance trust.
  • A Paramedic earns an average salary of £25,104 per year. Most people with this job move on to other positions after 20 years in this career. For the first five to ten years in this position, pay increases modestly.

In Australia

  • The average pay for a Paramedic in Australia is AU$58,694 per annum. Skill in Critical Care is an added advantage that could also be associated with high pay for this job.
  • Most people with this job move on to other positions after 20 years in this field. Pay for this job rises steadily for more experienced workers, but goes down noticeably for the few employees with more than twenty years of experience.
  • The average weekly total money earned in mid-2014 for ambulance officers and paramedics were $1,648, giving an approximate annual income of $85,700. The total annual pay of paramedics ranges from $76,890.50 to $85,023.61

In Canada

  • A Paramedic earns an average wage of C$25.71 per hour.
  • People in this job generally don’t have more than 20 years’ experience while the pay for the job rises steadily for more experienced workers, but goes down noticeably for employees with more than 20 years’ experience.
  • Some paramedics earn $32.59 to $42.90 per hour, which is about $65,000 to $85,000 per year.
  • Paramedic wages in Canada vary depending on province and experience. Paramedics in Ontario in such regions or cities as Ottawa, Toronto, Peel Region, or Durham, have an annual salary starting from $60,000 to $90,000 as a Primary Care Paramedic.
  • An Advanced Care Paramedic salary can be on an average range of $75,000 to $95,000, and Critical Care Paramedics range from $100,000 to $115,000.

How Long Does It Take to Become a Paramedic?

Aspiring paramedics start out as emergency medical technicians (EMTs) before advancing to the paramedic level through licensure, study and training. Paramedics are trained and licensed to provide high level emergency care and transport patients to hospitals whenever the need arises.

There are three main levels of training that students need to complete in order to become a professional paramedic. The time that each level takes involves factors such as the dedication of the student, schedule and completion of the licensing examinations.

Paramedics receive the most training of all emergency medical responders. As a result, students may receive an associate degree in emergency medical services from a community college or technical school. In order to be eligible for entry into any paramedic program, the students must be certified as an EMT-B. Some institutions may require students to have six months to one year experience working as an EMT-B. Aspiring paramedics are required to take courses in Anatomy and physiology; Patient assessment; Airway management; Medical and cardiac emergencies.

Educational Requirements for Paramedics

In the united states

Before reaching their paramedic status, paramedics are required to go through a 3-part series of training. They must also pass a 2-part certification examination which covers topics such as breathing, medication, emergency medical services operations and cardiac management. These three levels are:

  • EMT-Basic Program

The first level, known as EMT-Basic, has to do with training in trauma, respiratory management, patient assessment and cardiac emergencies. Here, the courses are focused on topics such as fractures, bleeding, cardiac arrest and airway obstruction.

The EMT-Basic students often spend time training in ambulances or hospital emergency departments to acquire the necessary skills for the job. The students must also pass a test administered by the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) or by the state in which they reside before they can be certified.

  • EMT-Intermediate Program

This second level of EMT training involves topics in intravenous fluids, medication and airway devices. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, this level requires students to complete between 30 and 350 hours of training, which varies widely by state and scope of practice. The requirement for entrance into an EMT-Intermediate program is mostly the EMT-Basic certification.

  • Paramedic Program

This third level of training focuses on advanced topics in emergency medical technology aimed at preparing the graduates to become certified paramedics. The training majorly takes place at technical or community colleges where the students earn an associate’s degree in emergency medical technology. However, paramedic certificate programs also exist. The paramedic program prepares students to take the certification examination administered by the state or by the NREMT. Entry requirement for the paramedic program often include EMT-Basic and EMT-Intermediate certification.

All states require paramedics to be licensed but the licensing requirements vary by state and EMT level. Training programs may vary from 2-6 months and they help prepare aspiring paramedics for the appropriate National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certification exam.

  • In the UK

In the UK, there are basically two ways to become a paramedic. The intending paramedic either take an approved university course in paramedic science, or apply for a position within an ambulance trust as a student paramedic/trainee and acquire the necessary training while you working.

  • Furthermore, paramedics must be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) in order to practice and therefore, any course that they take (full or part time) must be approved by the HCPC.
  • Each National Health Scheme (NHS) ambulance service trust may have its own individual entry requirements for student paramedic positions. Student paramedic training can take up to five years of part-time study combined with work.
  • Entry requirements for university courses also vary depending on the level of study one wish to take. Courses take between two and five years depending on the course.

In Australia

  • Qualified paramedics,
  • Paramedic intern and
  • Trainee Paramedic

In Canada

You Must:

  • Successfully pass the provincial certification examination to become an Advanced Emergency medical Care attendant (A-EMCA).
  • Be employed by an ambulance service.
  • Be willing to perform delegated controlled medical acts by a Base Hospital physician.
  • Be a high school graduate and attend a recognized paramedic program at an Ontario college.
  • Successfully graduate from a certified Ontario college Paramedic Program with a Paramedic diploma.
  • After the completion of the Paramedic diploma, the graduates must successfully pass the provincial certification exam which is the Advanced Emergency Medical Care Attendant.
  • Upon employment, new Paramedic recruits must successfully complete a certification examination conducted by the local base hospital physician.

Certifications Required to Become a Paramedic

  • In United States

Sequel to the completion of the required training program, the final step for candidates is to take and pass the respective National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) certification/licensing examination. Some states administer their own licensing examinations, but most of them still accept the certification examination administered by the NREMT.

  • In the UK

To practice as a paramedic in the UK, successful graduates or trainees must be registered with the Health and Care Professions Council (HCPC) which requires successful completion of an approved qualification in paramedic science, either in diploma, foundation degree or a degree. The courses include a mixture of both theory and practical works, including a placement with ambulance services, and may take between two to four years full time.

  • In Australia

Qualified applicants who have an accredited paramedical science qualification and can demonstrate satisfactory knowledge and understanding of ambulance practice can apply to the NSW Ambulance for license as a qualified paramedic. Such a person must hold an unrestricted drivers license, provide evidence of mandatory vaccinations, and be an Australian citizen or a permanent resident or a New Zealand citizen.

  • In Canada

To apply for license or certification, a paramedic must have:

  • Completed a 2 year diploma program at an Ontario College.
  • Successfully sat for and pass the provincial certification examination to become an Advanced Emergency medical Care attendant (A-EMCA).
  • Become employed by an ambulance service.
  • Been assigned to perform delegated controlled medical acts by a Base Hospital physician.

Can You Become a Paramedic by Taking an Online Course?

As a result of the very nature of the paramedic profession, which involves physical contact with something or someone else and which invariably require both hands-on experience, it requires more than just book learning. However, the non-hands-on aspect of EMT and paramedic education is rather extensive and thus online or distance education is a very good delivery system for that aspect of the formal education process.

The combination of an online coursework with class or field training has proven itself a successful method of emergency medical training. Some colleges offer online learning opportunities in Para-medicine and related first-response fields. While an aspect of the coursework may require hands-on, in-person training, the academic elements can be handled via email, online chat, and other collaborative technology.

Career Opportunities Open to Paramedics

  • Emergency Medical Technician
  • Emergency Medical Dispatcher
  • Casual ambulance officer
  • Ambulance community officer
  • Volunteer ambulance officer
  • Industrial medic
  • Private company medic
  • Emergency Patient Transport Officer
  • Nurse case manager
  • Physician assistant
  • Registered nurse- emergency room
  • Advanced care paramedic
  • Ambulance attendant
  • Critical care paramedic
  • Emergency medical attendant
  • Emergency medical technician
  • Emergency medical technologist –paramedic (EMT-P)
  • Paramedic primary care
  • Paramedic supervisor, ambulance services
  • Field supervisor, ambulance services
  • Infant transport attendant
  • Intermediate care paramedic

Others are;

  • Medical assistant (paramedic)
  • Medical care technician
  • Medical technician, newborns
  • Medical technician, drilling rig
  • Medical warden, drilling rig
  • Newborn emergency
  • Medical care technician, paramedic
  • Paramedic worker
  • Primary care paramedic
  • Registered emergency paramedic
  • Supervisor, ambulance attendants
  • Supervisor, ambulance services
  • Technician, ambulance services
  • Unit chief, ambulance services
  • Paramedic, fire station
  • Emergency Management Directors
  • Ambulance Drivers and Attendants
  • Sheriffs and Deputy Sheriffs
  • Municipal Firefighters
  • Critical Care Paramedic
  • Flight Paramedic
  • Life support on helicopter; in a hospital; on a cruise ship or in a wide variety of other exciting venues.

Skills and Personal Traits You Need to Succeed as a Paramedic

  • Basic life support procedures
  • The use of Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
  • Administration of some emergency medications
  • Airway management
  • Advanced patient assessment
  • Advanced trauma and medical interventions
  • Advanced Pharmacology and basic cardiology.

Tips and Advice to Help Advance your Career as a Paramedic

  • Psychological Stability

Paramedics who can stay calm despite the surrounding circumstances are an asset. Cool and rational heads prevail in this field and maintaining a calm behavior can mean the difference between life and death for your patients.

  • Good Communication Skills

Effective communication is necessary for all aspects of the job; hence you must be able to effectively communicate with colleagues and patients. Paramedics must be excellent communicators: good listening helps them understand what each patient needs, while strong verbal skills allow them to communicate effectively with patients and other healthcare professionals.

  • Good interpersonal Skills

To be a successful paramedic, it is absolutely necessary to be a team player because the job naturally leads to a development of close relationships between colleagues which you must work with to save lives and care for people.

  • Diplomacy

Often times, paramedics are faced with volatile situations where in some cases patients may be mentally ill and prone to violence, or might be a drug addict. Therefore you must be able to work with patients from diverse backgrounds by maintaining a high level of diplomacy when dealing with them.

  • Compassion/Empathy-: To be a great paramedic, you must be able to display a caring and empathetic nature, especially when working with people in physical and emotional distress and because that is one of the primary responsibilities of a paramedic.

Good Physical and health Condition-: Paramedics must maintain good health and physical balance. You must be in shape and exercise your body regularly to ensure you are capable of lifting heavy weights and victims.

Good Decision Making-: This is a fast-paced career that demands that you possess strong critical thinking skills to make snap and quick decisions about how to treat patients; it is vital that you make the right decisions rapidly in order for them to save lives.

Professionalism-: You must be able to conduct yourself professionally in all types of situations and be polite even when facing difficult situations.

Others are;

  • You must have a keen sense of situations, especially eyesight and color vision.
  • Manual dexterity, alertness and the ability to control your emotions is equally essential.
  • You must develop the capacity to remain calm, think clearly and act quickly in stressful situations
  • You also need to be a team player because team work and self-reliance are important.
  • Be ready to adapt to any situation and be resilient.
  • You must have the ability to follow instructions and guidelines
  • You must be able to learn from your mistakes and errors to avoid a repetition of such.
  • You need to be confident and competent in what you are doing
  • Be positive, proactive and supportive.
  • Have a good work ethic and do not expect others to cover for you unless it is absolutely necessary.
  • Be prepared always and ready to be on the run to save lives.