CHAPTER 7-: This is the seventh chapter of “A Beginner’s Guide to Becoming a Professional Photographer.” – You can have in your possession a very good camera from a renowned brand, a host of various camera accessories and photography equipment, a degree in photography science from a well reputed photography school and a couple of years of experience in freelance photography, and still manage to encounter a number of different nagging problems while trying to take the perfect shot that you have always wanted. If you find yourself in such a situation, you are certainly not the only photographer in the world who is breaking a sweat.

Keep Searching for Answers

Getting inundated with a plethora of problems concerning your camera, accessories and photography techniques is just part and parcel of being a professional photographer. There is no denying that being stuck with these problems and having a difficult time searching solutions to the problems is by far the most annoying aspect of being a photographer, but it is certainly not the one that you should be too worried about. If you manage to stay calm, composed and hold on to your patience, then you will most definitely find a way to solve all of your problems in one way or the other. The pursuit of solutions to these problems is nearly as important as the pursuit of prominence, distinction and celeb in the field of photography.

Do Not Be Deterred

One of the biggest mistakes that is made beginner photographers who lack experience in the field and ample knowledge of photography is being bogged down by these problems. Sure, these problems can derail your concentration at times, muffle your passion or put you at a competitive disadvantage, but no problem in photography should be big enough to take your mind off of your ultimate goal, and that is to overcome all the obstacles in your way to success and prosperity. There will be times when you will go days, weeks and perhaps months without finding satisfactory answers to the pestering problems that you are faced with.

In those times, you are strongly advised to divert your mind from your limitations and simply focus on your strengths as a professional photographer. In other words, stop thinking of what you cannot do, and instead try to be much better at what you are already good at. Just because some other photographer knows a technique that you are not yet acquainted with does not necessarily make him or her a better photographer. Your passion for photography and your enthusiasm to learn and improve are what determine your position as a professional photographer.

5 Common Photography Problems Beginners Face and Their Solutions

What exactly are the problems that a professional photographer can be flustered with? Well, there are tons of these problems and each one is more unsettling than the other. Here we are going to look at the 5 most problematic issues that professional photographers struggle to deal with during the early stages of their career. By getting to know more about these questions and their answers, you will be able to alleviate your weaknesses, eliminate your defects, enhance your strengths and make a drastic overall improvement in your ability as a professional photographer.

1) Full Frame or APS-C Sensor Size?

If you understand the significance of having a DSLR camera in this day and age, then you are probably very eager to invest your money in a high quality DSLR camera from an internationally famous camera manufacturing brand such as Nikon or Canon. When buying a DSLR camera, you are likely to find yourself in a dilemma where you are struggling to choose between a full frame camera and an APS-C Sensor size camera. The difference between the two may not seem too massive at a cursory glance, but when you dig deep into the specifications of both these types, you will understand exactly why people find it hard to make a choice between the two.

As the name suggests, the sensor in a full frame camera is of the same size as a frame of 35 mm film. The size of the sensor in an APS-C camera is noticeably smaller and is in line with the size of the Advanced Photographic System film frame. Selecting between the two types of cameras depends entirely on the kind of photography you prefer.

When the focal length can be considered equivalent or effective, the depth of the field is made smaller by the larger sensor. This is the reason why cameras with a full frame sensor size are perfect for portraiture, where the aperture used is quite wide to reduce the number of pixels in the background or blur the background and highlight the main subject that is intended to be photographed.

On the other hand, an APS-C camera can bring much more to the table when you are trying to capture shots in a large depth of field. For instance, when trying to photograph landscapes, your aim should be to keep the foreground as well as the horizon in focus. This task is not at all easy to carry out on a full frame camera unless small lens apertures are being made use of. You may want to refrain from using small lens apertures since it slows down the shutter speeds and increases the risk of a camera shake. As mentioned before, shaking the camera can cause the pictures to turn out blurry and unpleasant.

If your interest lies in sports photography, you may want to consider buying an APS-C camera. Some of the better APS-C cameras in the market today include the Canon EOS 7D and Nikon D300s, both of which are quite reasonably priced when compared to their counterparts. In addition to the lowered prices, the crop factor in both these cameras creates room for longer effective focal length.

2) What is the Difference between Four Thirds and Micro Four Thirds Camera Systems?

Before you understand the difference between the two camera systems, you need to know the similarity. Both the four thirds and micro four thirds camera systems use a four thirds aspect ratio and a large crop factor of 2.0-1.5x. Just for your information, a – 1.6x is the standard crop factor. These camera systems are both quite unlike majority of the DSLRs that are available in the market today.

Coming to the difference, the ground where these two camera systems stand apart is where the Micro Four Third camera exhibits its unique feature of greater compactness. These cameras are compact due to the absence of any optical viewfinders or mirror assemblies. If you want to operate these cameras, you will require micro four thirds lenses. In the case that you do not have such lenses, you can make use of four thirds lenses in a micro four thirds camera with the help of an adaptor.

3) Is There Any Need to Buy A DSLR with a Twisted LCD Screen?

You should be very careful with the DLSRs that you purchase. No matter how many discount vouchers you have in your hand, no DSLR comes cheap unless you are gifted one on your birthday. It would be foolish of you to literally throw away your money by buying the wrong types of DSLRs that are not in sync with your style of photography.

Those photographers who are cautious about not overspending on their cameras tend to be sceptical about cameras that come attached with latest inventions. They have every reason to be sceptical. Most of these inventions are nothing more than marketing ploys to get you ditching your old camera and replacing it with a new one. In other words, mumbo jumbo features are included in the latest camera models to simply allure inexperience photographers into buying the cameras since they simply do not know any better.

Bearing in mind the deceitful marketing strategies of the camera manufacturers, here is one brand new feature that you should assess; the twisted LCD screen in DSLRs. Unfortunately for the sceptic inside of you, this feature is certainly not a hollow marketing tactic. It is something that adds great value to your camera and helps makes it much easier for you to make the best use of your expensive DSLR camera.

These twisted or twistable LCD screens can be particularly useful when trying to take pictures from high or low angles. They are also quite handy when you are trying to shoot HD movies, although video recording may not be something that you are interested in as a beginner professional photographer. Most of these LCD screens come with a live mode feature that allows you to place the camera high above your head and shoot over the top of a huge congregation. You can do the exact opposite in the form of placing the camera on the ground level without having to get all down and dirty on the floor trying to take the perfect snap through the viewfinder.

You will also be delighted to know that the DSLR cameras that come with fully articulated LCS screens improves the versatility of the camera since it allows you to take “selfies” with the camera set up on top of a tripod.

4) How Many Autofocus Points do You Really Need?

In the entry level DSLRs, you are likely to find no more than three AF points. This is an extremely low number compared to what some of the upmarket cameras have in offer which are known to provide up to 51 AF points.

Although you are not strongly advised to jump into buying some of the more expensive cameras in the market, you are however highly recommended to consider buying those cameras which have better AF points than others. The reason for this is because AF points ensure that the accuracy of the picture is not lost when you are trying to photograph objects that are moving at a considerable speed. In other words, the higher the AF points, the easier it becomes for you to track the movement of the objects and photograph them without any distortion in the image.

While you are learning about the AF points, you should do a little bit of research on cross type AF points. These use a couple of sensors that have the ability to function across both the plans at the same time. As a result of that, they tend to provide far more accuracy and precision when you are trying to set the camera focus on objects that are not easy to be tracked. Some of the more advanced DSLR models have multiple cross type AF points.

As far as how many AF points you need is concerned, it is quite hard to specify an exact number since it all depends upon your preferences in photography and your line of work. However, just to be one the safe side, you can opt for a camera that provides 21 AF points. These will be within your budget and will more important produce impressive results.

5) Why Is There a Nasty Yellow Cast In Your Indoor Photos?

If there is a yellow cast on your indoor photos, then it probably has something to do with the fact that your DSLR has an inaccurate white balance. Normally, the Auto White Balance setting of the DSLR does an exceptional job of responding to changes in daylight conditions that may come in the form of cloudy skies, shade or a sudden burst of bright sunlight. However, it fails to function properly when you take your cameras indoor especially during the night.

The camera manufacturers seem to have forgotten to take into account the colour temperature of the indoor lightning. As a result, it is beyond the range that is covered by the DSLR camera system. As a result, when you are trying to capture photographs in indoors that are lit up by general purpose lights, an unwanted yellow colour cast appears over the photos and degrades the quality of your photography.

The simplest way to tackle this problem is to switch to the Tungsten (sometimes referred to as Incandescent) white balance setting in your camera. If you are inside a place that is lit up by strip lighting, then the Fluorescent white balance setting will work better than the Tungsten one.

A grey card can be used under the circumstances to make sure that the accuracy of your photography is not compromised by any means. If grey cards are beyond your affordability range, then you can make use of white sheets of paper that works wonders as a budget solution. Place the card or the paper near the object that you are trying to photograph and then adjust the White Balance setting in your camera to fit the indoor conditions. Reuse the setting for following shots.

Ajaero Tony Martins