Do you want to start a hog farm business and you want to know the cost? If YES, here is a cost breakdown to build a hog barn and the profit margin / ROI. In recent years, Americans have witnessed large swine finishing barns constructed by their neighbours. Some of these barns were constructed by the neighbour to farm their own pigs, and some for growing the pigs for another swine producer on a contract basis.

The motivation and reasons farmers build a barn differ by individuals. Farmers are beginning to realize that livestock production, be it private or contract production, offer a hedge against erratic grain prices and allow them to utilize labour year-round.

Why Build a Hog Barn?

Hog manure is an excellent source of crop nutrient and is another reason farmers are constructing hog barns. The value of the manure differs according to the prices of commercial fertilizer, but recent years have shown it to be $4-$6/head on most wean-to-finish barns. Notably, the rule of thumb is that for every 1,000-head capacity a barn has, there is usually manure produced to fertilize 80 acres, so a 2,500-head barn usually will do 200 acres.

However, the hog industry has improved and learned a lot about how to build a hog barn over the past few years. It is realistic to assume that a hog barn can now last 30-40 years. Keeping moisture and rodents out of a barn, and keeping the ventilation system in good shape is a major key to a barn’s longevity, and years of profitable production.

Total Cost of Constructing a Hog Barn

The cost of constructing a hog barn has risen over the past few years, and building a barn today will probably run $300 – $310/pig space. A 2,500-head facility will run $750,000 – $800,000, turnkey. Although this is no small investment for any operation, most construction loans run 10-15 years, depending on how the loan is structured. Note that most contract situations allow a payment schedule that meets the loan obligations and allows some return for labour, but the payoff truly is at the end of the loan.

In the united states, a lot of people that have built facilities have had little to no previous experience with swine production. However, an ideal way to venture into livestock production is to work with livestock integrators. These experts will teach you to raise hogs with the management practices that fit their situations.

One major concern is that they look for people with a solid work ethic, and a good eye for details. For producers wishing to raise their own pigs, there are a lot of sources of coaching available, starting with the veterinarians, builders, and feed suppliers they associate themselves with.

Estimated Cost Breakdown for Building a Hog Farm

First and foremost, the information presented below is not a comprehensive list but an estimate of the costs of building a hog farm from the scratch. Costs have been gathered from detailed research and the estimated costs gathered from farmers across the country.  Note that these costs may not reflect some of the out-of-pocket costs to build a hog farm not the entire cost of the project.

Some costs represent material costs only and do not include installation labour. Some costs such as plumbing and electrical installation are more difficult to quantify on per square foot or per head basis. In addition, these Costs are for 2021 and do not account for future inflation. They also do not reflect the supply and demand cycle of the construction industry and the construction season.

Note that accurate costs can only be determined by obtaining competitive bids from suppliers and builders and should include materials, installation labour, and project management costs.

1. Outside Lots & Fencing

  • Concrete Lot – $2.75 per square foot
  • Corral panels – $20 per linear foot 50” high
  • 2” pipe fence panels – $15 per linear foot
  • Highway Guard Rail– 12” W beam – $3.00 per linear foot
  • Hog Panel– 16’ x 50” high – $1.90 per linear foot

2. Building Frame

  • Post frame roof, open front/no floor – $9.00 per square foot
  • Materials 2021 – $5.60 per square foot
  • Construction labour – $2.70 per square foot
  • Post frame with truss, posts in ground – $7.00-$12.00 per square foot
  • Additional 8’ to 10′ bay – $6.00-$9.00 per square foot
  • Hog barn, open front 40′ wide includes building frame, 25’ wide concrete floor, curtains, and doors – $16.50 per square foot
  • Post frame overhang – $8.00 per square foot
  • Steel frame on pier foundation – $12.00 per square foot
  • Additional 20′ bay – $15.00 per square foot
  • 2’ x 6’ stud frame wall (insulated) – $25.00 per square foot

3. Pens and Stall Work

  • Rubber flooring, 1/2″ thick – $2.50 per square foot
  • Fibreglass post and rod gates or fence – $12.50 per linear foot
  • Steel tube gates or fence – $7.50 per linear foot
  • 4″ x 7’ galvanized steel post – $100 each
  • 6″ x 8″ x 8’ treated wood post – $54 each

4. Doors

  • 3’x 7′ personal door steel/fibreglass – $400 each
  • Slider – $5.00 per square foot
  • Overhead – $9.00 per square foot
  • Door opener, large door – $800 each
  • Door opener, small door – $400 each

5. Wall Sheathing

  • Painted steel corrugated – $1.00 per square foot
  • Plastic corrugated flat panel (8mm thick) – $1.50 per square foot
  • Plastic, 1/8″ corrugated – $1.75 per square foot
  • Polycarbonate – $1.75 per square foot
  • OSB, 1/2” thick – $0.60 per square foot

6. Roof Insulation

  • Bubble – $0.50 per square foot
  • 2″ vinyl covered fibreglass, labour and material – $1.25 per square foot
  • 1″ foil covered rigid board – $0.75 per square foot
  • Dripex covering – $1.00 per square foot

7. Ventilation

  • Covered Ridge – $10.00 per linear foot
  • Curtain Gathered – $18.00 per linear foot
  • Welded wire panel protection for curtain – $0.50 per square foot
  • Panel Fans – $700 each Exhaust Fans (in wall)
  • Tunnel Ventilation Fans with Cone – $1,300 each
  • Large Diameter 20′ Paddle Fan (High Volume Low Speed, HVLS) – $6,000 each
  • Ceiling Fan 5′ Diameter – $200 each

8. Feed Storage

  • Vertical silo – $1.40 per cubic foot
  • Horizontal silo concrete walls – $0.52 per cubic foot
  • 5″ concrete feed storage pad with #4 rebar (1/2”), 18″ on centre – $4.00 per square foot
  • Asphalt feed storage pad – $2.30 per square foot
  • Bulk feed bin – $2,200 each

9. Excavation 

  • Excavation for site preparation – $4.00 per square foot or $3.00 per cubic yard
  • Top soil stripping – $2.20 per cubic yard
  • Earth fills, on site – $3.00 per cubic yard
  • Lane with screenings, 16′ wide – $6.00 per linear foot

10. Manure Storage

  • Concrete stacking pad with buck wall – $3.50 per square foot
  • Slatted floor tank under shelter – $1.50 per cubic foot
  • Concrete vertical wall tank – $0.90 per cubic foot
  • Clay lined lagoon – $36,000 + $0.08 per cu. ft.
  • Concrete lined lagoon – $47,500 + $0.40 per cu. ft.
  • 18″ double wall corrugated HDPE (installed) – $19.00 per linear foot
  • 1″ diameter water line, installed below ground – $2.00 per linear foot
  • 4′ deep huffcut channel – $93 per linear foot
  • 8′ x 8′ x 8′ concrete transfer tank with lid – $5,000 each

11. Manure Handling

  • Chopper pump – $11,000 each
  • Piston pump – $18,000 each
  • Vertical piston pump – $27,000 each
  • Agitator – $6,000 each

Conclusion

The average cost of building a hog barn of the type described above will average $450,000. The resale value of this hog barn will hold at approximately $340,700, or an approximately 77% return on investment. Traditionally, most hog barn owners who cannot tackle the project themselves will usually opt to work with a single contractor, who identifies suitable subcontractors and pulls proper permits for the project.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Why Should I Build A Hog Barn?

You should build a hog barn because a hog barn can last for 30-40 years and it is a great investment opportunity to grow your farm. You may also be wanting to maximize your revenue per acre.

  1. Do Pigs Need A Barn?

Absolutely, pigs will need a barn and it will serve as sleeping quarters for them. You need a three-sided shelter with a roof that will keep them dry, block the wind, and also get them out of the sun on hot days. Be sure to give them ample of clean straw in their barn for them to sleep on. This will help keep them dry and warm.

  1. How Much Does It Cost To Build A Hog Barn?

Well, it will to a large extent depend on the size of hog barn you want to build. But it is important to state that hog barn construction cost has risen over the past few years, and building a barn today will probably run $300-$310/pig space. A 2,500-head facility will run $750,000 – $800,000, turnkey.

  1. How Much Does It Cost To Start A Hog Farm?

The numbers can vary based on the size of your farm, your location, and other factors. You could spend anywhere from $500 to $10,000 to start a small free-range farm. Large-scale farms could require up to $2 million to get going.

  1. How Many Pigs Fit In A Barn?

A 340-foot-long barn will hold 4,400 pigs — 2,200 on each half of the building. Once pigs enter, they don’t leave until they’re ready for market, usually tipping the scales at 300 pounds or more.

  1. How Do You Get Into Hog Farming?
  • Get a Farmland for Breeding.
  • Build Modern Pens.
  • Buy Healthy Pigs
  • Employ Workers.
  • Start Feeding and Grooming the pigs
  1. How Many Pigs Do You Need To Start A Pig Farm?

Hogs live comfortably on small farms. Depending on the climate and terrain, the stocking rate is between 10 to 50 pigs or five to 10 larger sows per acre. Because feed accounts for about three-fourths of the cost to raise hogs, careful control of feed costs is necessary to make a profit.

  1. Are Hog Barns A Good Investment?

Yes, a hog barn can last for 30-40 years and it is a great investment opportunity to grow your farm. You may also be wanting to maximize your revenue per acre. Property taxes are high and it’s not a small burden to pay all the property taxes on your acres. With a hog facility, you can maximize your revenue per acre!

  1. Why Choose Hog Care Swine Housing?

You should choose hog care swine housing because it will enable you to recycle most materials (which they eat and convert to meat), pigs help farmers to largely reduce feeding costs and waste. Pigs also have a high resistance to diseases and adapt easily to most environments (hot or cold).

  1. How Much Does It Cost To Build A Hog Confinement?

A total confinement finishing building (deep pit) is estimated to cost $188 per pig (7.5 sq. ft. per pig), with the inside equipment adding another $29 per pig. Office facilities, site preparation, and miscellaneous items also are included in the capital requirements.

  1. How Much Profit Does A Farmer Make Per Pig?

Generally, in the US from 1 pig, you can get a net profit of 100- $ 500 after half a year of farming depending on how you sell the pig’s meat, (whether you will process its meat or no and how you will feed it). 1 pound pork is usually sold for $ 2-4. Most often the price is around $ 3.5 per pound.

  1. How Long Do Hog Barns Last?

A hog barn can last for 30-40 years and it is a great investment opportunity to grow your farm.

  1. What Do You Feed Hogs?

Farm grains are the most common and best source of food for feed pigs. Most typically corn-based feeds are used because they are high in digestible carbohydrates, low in fiber, and cost effective.

  1. What Do You Call Someone Who Raises Pigs?

A swineherd is a person who raises and herds pigs as livestock.

  1. What Do Farmers Feed Pigs?

What not to feed pigs is anything moldy, slimy, or rotten. Raw meat and raw eggs should never be fed to swine. Feeding raw meat to pigs can transfer diseases such as foot and mouth disease. Eating raw eggs can interfere with the biotin absorption of pigs.

  1. Why Are Pigs Kept In Pens?

To ensure the safety of the pigs and the people who care for the boars, they are best kept in individual pens. Boar pens are much larger than a mating or sow stall, allowing freedom of movement.

  1. Why Do Farmers Keep Pigs?

Pigs are farmed principally for food (e.g., pork, bacon, gammon) and skins. They are valued as a source of meat and fat, and for their ability to convert inedible food into meat and manure, and are often fed household food waste when kept on a homestead.

  1. How Long Does It Take To Raise A Pig For Slaughter?

Most pig farmers buy “weaners,” piglets about two or three months old that are no longer reliant on their mother’s milk; they then raise the pigs to slaughter weight (typically about 250 pounds), which on factory-style farms is attained by the time they’re 6 months old.

  1. How Much Do Pig Growers Make?

The average Pig Farmer salary in the United States is $44,906 as of July 28, 2021, but the salary range typically falls between $41,839 and $50,600.

  1. Is There Money In Pig Farming?

Absolutely, there is money in pig farming. As a matter of fact, pig husbandry is a profitable occupation, especially for small and marginal farmers. It requires minimum capital investment and labor. The return on the investment is quick and high. Within a very short period, piglings achieve marketable maturity.

  1. How Many Pigs Can You Have On 5 Acres?

In “The Homestead Hog” it states that 25-35 pigs per acre is a good rule of thumb. It means that you should be looking at 125 to 175 pigs on 5 acres.

  1. How Much Land Do You Need Per Pig?

For growing pigs, it is recommended that you plan for around 8 square feet of space per pig. While this may seem like a small amount of space, pigs are not terribly active animals.

  1. Do Pigs Eat Blackberry Bushes?

Pigs will eat the leaves and foliage, leaving the vines and roots. Pigs will also eat the roots.

  1. What Foods Are Toxic To Pigs?

Bracken, hemlock, cocklebur, henbane, ivy, acorns, ragwort, foxglove, elder, deadly nightshade, rhododendron, and laburnum are all highly toxic to pigs. Jimsonweed—also known as Hell’s Bells, Pricklyburr, Devil’s Weed, Jamestown Weed, Stinkweed, Devil’s Trumpet, or Devil’s Cucumber—is also poisonous to them.

  1. Are Pigs Hard To Raise?

Not all. Pigs are hearty, simple to raise, and produce an extreme amount of meat in an amazingly short amount of time.

  1. Which Country Has The Most Pigs In The World?

As of April 2021, China was home to the largest number of pigs of any country with 406 million heads. That year, the European Union and the United States were second and third in the list, with over 150 and 77 million heads respectively.

  1. Why Install Fresh Air Intakes On Gable End?

You should install fresh air intakes on the gable ends because fresh air intakes can help reduce corrosion above soffits in swine buildings.

  1. How Much Meat Do You Get From A 250 Pound Hog?

A 250 lb. hog will yield approximately 144 lbs. of retail cuts. Around 28% of a hog’s live weight is inedible product removed during the slaughter and dressing procedure bringing our 250 lb. live hog to 180 lbs.

  1. How Much Does A Pig Eat In 6 Months?

A pig will eat 0.5kg of food per day for every month it is old until it hits 6 months. Then it’ll eat 3kg a day forever.

  1. How Much Is A 250 lb. Pig Worth?

For the 250 pound hogs yielding more than 75 percent, the total wholesale weight is 31,861 pounds and is valued at $26,582 or $132.91 per head.

  1. What Are Hogs Selling For?

The USDA is forecasting an average live weight price for barrows and gilts in 2019 of roughly $42 per hundredweight. The average live weight price for 51-52% lean hogs in 2018 was $45.93 per hundredweight, down $4.55 per hundredweight from a year earlier. Hog prices declined in February, but retail prices were up.

  1. Is Piggery A Good Business?

Piggery is a lucrative business to start. With the right training, funding, and general resources, you start and grow a successful pig farm. Pork is the most widely consumed meat in the world.

  1. Which Livestock Is The Most Profitable?

Beef cattle are generally the most profitable and easiest livestock to raise for profit. Beef cattle simply require good pasture, supplemental hay during the winter, fresh water, vaccinations, and plenty of room to roam. You can buy calves from dairy farms inexpensively to start raising beef cattle.

  1. What State Produces The Most Pork?

Iowa is the nation’s largest pork-producing state. In fact, at any one time, there are approximately 20 million pigs being raised in Iowa. That’s nearly one-third of the nation’s pigs.

  1. How Do You Raise A Healthy Pig?
  • Buy the Best Pigs.
  • Buy 8-week-old Piglets.
  • Build a Strong Pen.
  • Take Care of Their Health.
  • Feed and Water.
  • Don’t Overfeed Them.
  • Pigs Need Cooling in Summer.
  • Study Their Behavior.
  1. What Makes Pig Grow Faster?

According to a team of experts from UP at Los Baños, adding ascorbic acid or Vitamin C to the diet of pigs — 800 gms. for every kilo of feeds, will make them grow faster compared to those treated with normal diets.

Joy Nwokoro