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How Much Do Egg Farmers Make Yearly? [Profit Margin]

Reports from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) note that the average net income for egg farming operations was $208,000 in 2020.

Keep in mind that this amount also takes into consideration the income generated from the sale of eggs as well as any additional income from selling related products such as egg cartons or poultry feed.

Nevertheless, numerous factors come into play when determining how much egg farmers in the United States make yearly. These factors also vary, on average, egg farmers in the United States are known to make a decent income

Factors That Determine the Income of an Egg Farmer

  1. Scale of Operations

This simply means that large-scale egg farms will easily benefit from economies of scale, and this makes efficient production and distribution possible as against smaller-scale operations.

Keep in mind that these farms might possess very massive output, and this means more revenue. Smaller farms, although a very vital component of local markets, might have to contend with higher production costs per unit and being in lower incomes.

  1. Market Demand and Prices

Keep in mind that changes in consumer demand as well as market prices, influenced by variables that include dietary trends, seasonal variations, and coupled with economic conditions, will more or less impact the income made by farmers.

Having very valid insight into market trends as well as adapting production accordingly will ensure that farmers can better navigate these challenges.

  1. Production Costs and Efficiency

Numerous expenses come with running these farms, and most relate to feed, labour, equipment, and infrastructure maintenance.

Since the expenses can vary, it also impacts the income of farmers. Owing to that, farmers who leverage result-achieving and cost-effective production practices will effectively maximize their profits.

Staying up to date on advancements in technology as well as agricultural techniques will further guarantee better efficiency.

  1. Biosecurity Measures

Biosecurity measures are very important especially if you take into consideration the work they do to safeguard egg farms from diseases that have the potential of negatively affecting both the health of the flock as well as the economic viability of the operation.

Putting in place adequate biosecurity measures, like proper sanitation, controlled access to farms, as well as disease monitoring, can help to limit any form of outbreaks that might lead to production losses.

By putting in place the right biosecurity, farmers can effectively protect their income as well as the long-term sustainability of their farms.

Profit Margin of an Egg Farm

On average, egg farming businesses in the United States possess a net profit margin of around 10% to 15%. This simply entails that for every dollar of revenue generated, the business owner can anticipate taking home around 10 to 15 cents as net profit.

Nevertheless, note that the necessary factors that will determine the exact net profit margin for this farm business include the size of the operation, the level of automation and technology implementation, the cost of production inputs, as well as market conditions.


When put in comparison with other agricultural business owners, reports have it that egg farmers make more income. This is due to several industry-related factors.

For one, the demand for eggs is always massive, and this guarantees a stable market for egg farmers in the United States.

Aside from that, the direct-to-consumer approach makes it possible for egg farming business owners to have adequate control over pricing and distribution, and this gives rise to more business profit.

Also note that these businesses offer many other types of eggs, such as organic, pasture-raised, and cage-free, and this ensures that the business can meet the needs of specific market segments and command higher prices.