Do you want to migrate to a new country to live and work? If YES, here is a list of countries in Oceania plus 1000+ jobs and business opportunities.

Oceania which is the smallest continent by land mass is a geographic region that includes Australasia, Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia. Spanning the eastern and western hemispheres, Oceania has a land area of 8,525,989 square kilometers (3,291,903 sq. mi) and a population of over 40 million.

Situated in the southeast of the Asia-Pacific region, the area known as Oceania has a widely varied economy, with the large nations of Australia and New Zealand having modern, industrial economies, while the smaller island nations depend largely on agriculture, fishing, and tourism.

Reports has it that Australia has a prosperous Western-style mixed economy, with a per capita GDP at par with the four dominant Western European economies. Over the years, the Australian economy has been resilient in the face of global economic downturn.

Australia’s emphasis on reform is another key factor behind the economy’s strength. New Zealand also is another nation with a modern, developed economy. It’s primary export industries are agriculture, horticulture, fishing, forestry and information technology. The film, tourism and wine industries are considered to be up-and-coming.

Other islands of Oceania depend mainly on the major sectors of agriculture, fishing and mining. Tourism is also a key industry in this continent. Some of the smaller countries even bring in large amounts of money from selling stamps to collectors.

Unfortunately, imports tend to outpace export capital, leaving most of the smaller nations with a trade deficit. Farming largely is of tropical fruit such as bananas and coconut, with coffee being another major export of some of the islands. Spice plants, like vanilla, cacao(the plant that gives us chocolate) and ginger are also major crops.

Fishing is the major food source of the continent due to the nature of the region. Fish is a major export for some of the larger countries, and occasional disputes over fishing rights between nations like Japan and the United States have occurred.

Cultivated pearls also play some role. The Pacific seabed is only now being exploited, mainly for petroleum, though research is going into mining the manganese nodules that lie in certain regions. Listed below are countries in the continent of Oceania in alphabetical order.

Countries in Oceania to Live, Work or Start a Business

  1. Australia
  • Official Currency: Australian Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Population: 25,497,200 (2019)
  • Capital: Canberra
  • Major city: Sydney

Agriculture and the service industry are the two most lucrative industries in Australia. The service sector of Australia, including tourism, education, and financial services, accounts for about 70% of GDP. Also, being a nation abundantly rich in natural resources, Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products, particularly wheat, wine and wool, minerals such as iron-ore and gold, and energy in the forms of liquefied natural gas and coal.

Australia has a market economy, a high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. In terms of average wealth, Australia ranked first in the world with the highest average wealth. Australia was the only advanced economy not to experience a recession due to the global financial downturn in 2008–2009. This is one crucial reason why Australia is an attractive hub for investors.

  1. Federated States of Micronesia
  • Official Currency: United States Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Micronesian pidgin, Chuukese, Yepese
  • Population: 104,937 (2016)
  • Capital: Parlikir
  • Major city: Weno

Farming and fishing are the most thriving sectors in this nation, with tourism gaining substantial grounds in recent years. The islands have few mineral deposits worth exploiting, except for high-grade phosphate.

The Federated States of Micronesia total land area is relatively small, it occupies more than 2,600,000 km2 (1,000,000 sq. mi) of the Pacific Ocean, giving the country the 14th largest Exclusive Economic Zone in the world. It’s alignment with the United States makes it an attractive location for investors.

  1. Fiji
  • Official Currency: Fijian Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Fijian, Fijian Hindu
  • Population: 912,241 (2018)
  • Capital: Suva

Tourism is the most thriving industry in Fiji. Fiji has a substantial amount of tourism with the popular regions being Nadi, the Coral Coast, Denarau Island, and Mamanuca Islands. Fiji’s main attractions to tourists are majorly white sandy beaches and aesthetically pleasing islands with all-year-round tropical weather.

In general, Fiji is a mid-range priced holiday/vacation destination with most of the accommodations in this range. It also has a variety of world class five-star resorts and hotels. More budget resorts are being opened in remote areas, which will provide more tourism opportunities.

Fiji has one of the most developed economies in the Pacific thanks to its abundant forest, mineral, and fish resources. Natural resources include timber, fish, gold, copper, offshore oil, and hydropower. These resources can become a substantial source of income for any willing investor.

  1. Indonesia
  • Official Currency: Indonesian Rupiah
  • Major Language: Indonesian
  • Population: 261,115,456 (2016)
  • Capital: Jakarta

The services are the country’s largest sector and account for 43.6% of GDP (2017), followed by industry (39.3%) and agriculture (13.1%). Right from 2009, it has employed more people than other sectors, accounting for 47.1% of the total labor force, followed by agriculture (31.1%) and industry (21.7%).

According to reports, Indonesia recorded a trade deficit of US$8.57 billion in 2011, with a total export value of $180.06 billion, and import $188.6 billion. Statistics has shown that palm oil and coal briquettes are the main exports, with petroleum gas, crude petroleum, rubber and cars making up the majority of other exports.

Imports mostly consist of refined and crude petroleum, with telephones, petroleum gas, vehicle parts and wheat covering the majority of additional imports. These and many more are markets open for exploration by any savvy investor.

  1. Kiribati
  • Official Currency: Kiribati Dollar, Australian Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Gilbertese
  • Population: 110,136 (2016)
  • Capital: Tarawa

Agriculture and exports are the two thriving sectors of the nation’s economy. Kiribati has few natural resources. Commercially viable phosphate deposits on Banaba were exhausted at the time of independence. Copra and fish now represent the bulk of production and exports.

Given Kiribati’s limited domestic production ability, it must import nearly all of its essential foodstuffs and manufactured items; providing enormous opportunities for willing entrepreneurs.

  1. Marshall Islands
  • Official Currency: United States Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Marshallese
  • Population: 53,066 (2016)
  • Capital: Majuro

Agriculture and fishing represent the most functional sector of the country’s economy. Agricultural products include coconuts, tomatoes, melons, taro, breadfruit, fruits, pigs and chickens. Industry is made of the production of copra and craft items, tuna processing and tourism.

In 2018, the Republic of Marshall Islands passed the Sovereign Currency Act, which made it the first country to issue their own cryptocurrency and certify it as legal tender; the currency is called the “sovereign”. This new ease of transaction in Marshall Islands will attract investors from all over the world in years to come.

  1. Nauru
  • Official Currency: Australian Dollar
  • Major Language: Nauruan
  • Other major languages: English
  • Population: 11,200 (2016)
  • Capital: Yeran
  • Other major cities: Denimogodu

Mining can be said to be the only viable industry in this country. Small-scale mining is still conducted by RONPhos, formerly known as the Nauru Phosphate Corporation. The government places a percentage of RONPhos’s earnings into the Nauru Phosphate Royalties Trust. The trust manages long-term investments, which were intended to support the citizens once the phosphate reserves were exhausted.

The Nauru 2017–2018 budget, delivered by Minister for Finance David Adeang, forecasted A$128.7 million in revenues and A$128.6 million in expenditures and projected modest economic growth for the nation over the next two years. This is a good reason for this nation to be considered for investment.

  1. New Zealand
  • Official Currency: New Zealand Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Maori
  • Population: 4,980,370 (2019)
  • Capital: Wellington
  • Other major cities: Auckland

Exportation and international trade is the most thriving industry in this country. New Zealand is heavily dependent on international trade, especially  in agricultural products. Exports account for 24% of its output, making New Zealand vulnerable to international commodity prices and global economic slowdowns. Food products made up 55% of the value of all the country’s exports in 2014; wood was the second largest earner (7%).

New Zealand ranks highly in international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, protection of civil liberties, and economic freedom. These factors are what investors look out for when comparing new locations for investment.

  1. Palalu
  • Official Currency: United States Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Japanese, Palaluan, Tobian
  • Population: 21,503 (2019)
  • Capital: Ngerulmud
  • Other major cities: Koror

Palau’s economy consists primarily of tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing. Tourist activity focuses on scuba diving and snorkeling in the islands’ rich marine environment, including its barrier reefs’ walls and World War II wrecks.

Long-term prospects for the key tourist sector have been greatly bolstered by the expansion of air travel in the Pacific, the rising prosperity of leading East Asian countries and the willingness of foreigners to finance infrastructural development.

In Palalu, the income tax has three brackets with progressive rates of 9.3 percent, 15 percent, and 19.6 percent respectively. Corporate tax is four percent, and the sales tax is zero. There are no property taxes. Tax havens like Palalu always tickle the fancy of modern day investors.

  1. Papua New Guinea
  • Official Currency: Papua New Guinea Kina
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin
  • Population: 8,084,999 (2016)
  • Capital: Port Moresby

Mining and agriculture are the most thriving sectors in Papua New Guinea. Agriculture, for subsistence and cash crops, provides a livelihood for 85% of the population and continues to provide some 30% of GDP. Mineral deposits, including gold, oil, and copper, account for 72% of export earnings.

Oil palm production has grown steadily over recent years (largely from estates and with extensive outgrower output), with palm oil now the main agricultural export. Coffee remains the major export crop (produced largely in the Highlands provinces), followed by cocoa and coconut oil/copra from the coastal areas, each largely produced by smallholders and tea, produced on estates and rubber.

Papua New Guinea is classified as a developing economy by the International Monetary Fund. But the ever laudable growth in Papua New Guinea’s mining and resource sector led to the country becoming the sixth-fastest-growing economy in the world in 2011. This fast growing economy is a prospective market for any investor who is willing to invest in Oceania.

  1. Samoa
  • Official Currency: Tala
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Samoan
  • Population: 195,843 (2016)
  • Capital: Apia

The services sector accounted for 66% of GDP, followed by industry and agriculture at 23.6% and 10.4%, respectively. Tourism is also catching up fast in this country. The economy of Samoa has traditionally been dependent on agriculture and fishing at the local level.

In modern times, development aid, private family remittances from overseas, and agricultural exports have become key factors in the nation’s economy. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the labor force and furnishes 90% of exports, featuring coconut cream, coconut oil, noni (juice of the nonu fruit), and copra.

The Samoan government has called for deregulation of the financial sector, encouragement of investment, and continued fiscal discipline. Experts see the flexibility of the labor market as a basic strength for future economic advances. This will interests and attract investors to Samoa.

  1. Solomon Islands
  • Official Currency: Solomon Island Dollar
  • Major Language: English
  • Population: 599,419 (2016)
  • Capital: Honiara

Agriculture and Energy are the two sectors at the forefront of the country’s economy. Solomon Islands’ per-capita GDP of $600 ranks it as a lesser developed nation, and more than 75% of its labor force is engaged in subsistence farming and fishing.

In recent years, Solomon Islands courts have re-approved the export of live dolphins for profit, most recently to Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Most of the country’s manufactured goods and petroleum products are imported, thereby creating a formidable market for World investors.

  1. Tonga
  • Official Currency: Pa’anga
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Tongan
  • Population: 100,651 (2016)
  • Capital: Nukuʻalofa

Tonga’s economy is characterized by a large non-monetary sector and a heavy dependence on remittances from the half of the country’s population who live abroad (chiefly in Australia, New Zealand and the United States). The country’s royal family and the nobles dominate and largely own the monetary sector of the economy – particularly the telecommunications and satellite services.

Tonga’s development plans focus on a growing private sector, upgrading agricultural productivity, revitalizing the squash and vanilla bean industries, developing tourism, and improving communications and transport. If all these can be achieved, this nation will surely grow to become a top business hub for investors.

  1. Tuvalu
  • Official Currency: Tuvaluan Dollar, Australian Dollar.
  • Major Language: English
  • Other major languages: Tuvaluan
  • Population: 11,192 (2017)
  • Capital: Funafuti

Fishing licenses and remittances from Tuvaluan sailors employed on overseas ships are the major sources of income for Tuvaluan. Reports have it that about 15% of adult males work as seamen on foreign-flagged merchant ships. Agriculture in Tuvalu is focused on coconut  trees and growing pulaka in large pits of composted soil below the water table. Tuvaluans are otherwise involved in traditional subsistence agriculture and fishing.

GDP grew in 2011 for the first time since the global financial crisis, led by the private retail sector. The 2014 Country Report describes economic growth prospects as generally positive as the result of large revenues from fishing licenses, together with substantial foreign aid. This growing economy is currently attracting investors due to ease of doing business and the country’s innovative approach to policies.

Australia and New Zealand are the only developed nations in the region, although other nations are gradually meeting up and growing their economies. As an investor, it’s wise that you consider this continent for investment.