Are you interested in starting a cattle rearing business? Do you need a sample cattle farming business plan template? If YES, then read on.
Businesses like these that are not on the list of favorite businesses for most people are really lucrative. Why? The reason is because even though fewer people consider cattle farming when looking for good businesses, a very high percentage of people consume beef and a lot of other cattle products daily.
Cattle farmers are not just limited to selling meat or milk; there are tons of other products that they can sell. In fact, no part of a cattle’s body is a waste product, from the horns down to the hoofs. Let me show you some of the products that can be gotten from cattle which you can sell to make money.
9 Products That Can Be Gotten from Cattle
- Meat-: Of course, meat would be number one on the list because of its popularity and high rate of consumption. You can start your own meat production and packaging business to supply to supermarkets, and grocery stores or sell cows to people who run meat production and packaging businesses.
- Milk-: Milk is another very popular product that you can sell. You can get several gallons of milk on a daily basis from a dairy cow which could be sold to milk production companies or packaged for sale. You won’t have a problem selling your fresh milk as more people are embracing the idea of consuming fresh diary as it is believed to be healthier.
- Cheese-: How can I forget cheese? Cheese is a very nutritious food item made from cow milk and is very popular in the market.
- Butter-: Butter is another product. Made from cow milk, it is used as a spread for pastries and also for cooking and baking.
- Cow Hide-: The skin of a cow is useful for production of leather which is used to make bags and shoes which we all wear.
- Cow Bones-: The bones of your herd are not to be thrown away after slaughters because they can be sold to manufacturers of chinaware which we all enjoy having our dinners served in.
- Cow Hooves-: Even cow hooves are not useless. They contain a type of protein known as Keratin which is used by fire fighters to make fire extinguishing foams.
- Cow Bladders-: Even the bladders of cows are not useless as the gallstones are used by drug manufacturing and research companies.
- Cow Horns-: Cow horns are also used as ornamental products.
I could go on and on about all the various things you could do with cattle products and by-products but even you would get tired. So, let’s quickly go over how to start your own cattle farming business.
Starting a Cattle Farm – Sample Business Plan Template
1. Purchase a Farmland-: The most important thing that you would need for this business is a large piece of land that can be used as a farmstead. The land should have good green pasture because grass is the staple for cows.
You can look for a land whose owners are not currently using and lease it for use as a cattle farm or you could consider purchasing your own land. Then, you should fence it to protect the cows from being stolen or wandering off. You should also employ at least one herdsman and a security man to feed and care for the cows and provide maximum security for the farm against thefts and intrusion.
2. Acquire the Necessary Facilities-: The first facility you would need for your cattle farm is a good fence to serve as security for your farm. Then, you would need a good source of water maybe a well or an artificial stream to provide a steady supply of drinking water for the cattle.
You may also need to construct a small farm house to serve as store and living quarters for anyone you employ to take care of the cattle. You may also need to construct a shed for the cows in case of harsh weather.
3. Feeding the Cattle-: The largest percentage of expenses you would incur on your cattle farming business will be on feeding. Although cows can feed on grass and pastures, adding other energy giving foods like corn, wheat and grains to their diet would make them healthier and stronger.
4. Mating and Reproduction-: When stocking your farm with cattle to begin with, you would need to stock up on both female and males. The males would be used mainly for reproductive purposes. Just like other farm animals, cows have their heat period and you would have to monitor your female cows to know when they are on heat so that they can mate with the male cows.
Most cattle farmers don’t rely on natural reproduction because it doesn’t produce fast results like artificial insemination. With artificial insemination, your herd can grow bigger faster. Before you embark on this method of reproduction, ensure that you consult experts to put you through on the right procedure and as soon as a female cow gets pregnant, you should separate it from the rest and care for it specially, with the right nutrition and comfort to reduce stress and a risk of abortion.
5. Employ Assistance-: Taking care of cattle is really hard work which is why most people employ the services of farm hands to assist with rearing their cattle and managing the farm. In Nigeria for instance, people who venture into this business employ the services of Northerners who are experts at raising cattle (Some people even swear that these people can communicate with cows, oh well……). The most important thing however, is to employ someone who is experienced and can care for your herd properly.
6. Marketing-: Yes, you are a cattle farmer but that doesn’t mean you won’t engage in some marketing. As soon as your cows start to produce milk, start looking for companies that make dairy products and talk to them about an opportunity to become a steady supplier of cow milk. You can also do the same for meat packaging companies or if you have the resources to take things a little further, you could start your own meat production and packaging company.